Objection – The process by which one party takes exception to some statement or procedure. An objection is either sustained (allowed) or overruled by the judge.
Opinion – A judge’s written explanation of a decision of the court or of a majority of judges. A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority opinion because of the reasoning and/or the principles of law on which the decision is based. A concurring opinion agrees with the decision of the court but offers further comment. (A per curiam opinion is an unsigned opinion “of the court.”)
Oral argument – Presentation of a case before a court by spoken argument; usually with respect to a presentation of a case to an appellate court where a time limit might be set for oral argument.
Order – A mandate, command, or direction authoritatively given. Direction of a court or judge made in writing.
Ordinance – A rule established by authority; may be a municipal statute of a city council, regulating such matters as zoning, building, safety, matters of municipality, etc.
Osteomyelitis – Bone infection can be caused by bacteria or fungi. Osteomyelitis may spread to a bone from infected skin, muscles, or tendons next to the bone, as in osteomyelitis that occurs under a chronic skin ulcer (sore). See more information about osteomyelitis in pressure sores here.
Ostomy – Ostomy is a surgical procedure that creates an opening on the abdominal wall for waste products to move out of the body. It is performed when a medical condition such as a pressure sore is so severe that an ostomy offers a better alternative and reduces infection rates.
Overrule – A judge’s decision not to allow an objection. Also, a decision by a higher court finding that a lower court decision was in error.