Malnutrition – Malnutrition is the condition that occurs when your body does not get enough nutrients.  There are a number of causes of malnutrition. It may result from: inadequate or unbalanced diet, problems with digestion or absorption, certain medical conditions. Malnutrition can occur if you do not eat enough food and can be fatal in extreme circumstances. Read more about this type of nursing home negligence here.

Malpractice – Any professional misconduct. For a discussion of medical malpractice, look here.

Mediation – A form of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties bring their dispute to a neutral third party, who helps them agree on a settlement.

Medicaid – A joint Federal and State program that helps with medical costs for some people with low incomes and limited resources. Medicaid programs vary from state to state, but most health care costs are covered if you qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid.

Medication Aides – Has the training to work under the supervision of a licensed health care professional.  They are able to give out medications in nursing homes and assisted living facilities. Learn more here.

Medicare – Health insurance coverage to people who are aged 65 and over, or who meet other special criteria administered by the federal government.

Medication error – An incorrect or wrongful administration of a medication, such as a mistake in dosage or route of administration, failure to prescribe or administer the correct drug or formulation for a particular disease or condition, use of outdated drugs, failure to observe the correct time for administration of the drug, or lack of awareness of adverse effects of certain drug combinations. Causes of medication error may include difficulty in reading handwritten orders, confusion about different drugs with similar names, and lack of information about a patient’s drug allergies or sensitivities.

Medication overdose – drug overdose is the accidental or intentional use of a drug or medicine in an amount that is higher than is normally used. Learn more about cases involving medication overdoses here.

Medical Malpractice – A cause of action against a physician or hospital. Unlike general negligence actions, many medical malpractice cases require certain procedures to be followed prior to filing a lawsuit.

Medi-car – Non-medical transportation typically provided by a private company to those who are unable to drive themselves.

Medivan Non-medical transportation for seniors. Predominately used for transportation to and from appointments, shopping, and hospital visits.

Memorandum – An informal note or instrument embodying something the parties desire to have in written evidence.

Memorialized – In writing.

Mental institution – An inpatient treatment facility for individuals exhibiting severe mental/emotional disorders.

Mesothelioma – Mesothelioma is cancer of that tissue that lines the lungs– mesothelium. It is a rare but serious type of cancer. It usually starts in the lungs, but can also start in the abdomen or other organs. Most people who develop mesothelioma have worked on jobs where they inhaled asbestos particles. It can take a long time – 30 to 50 years – between being around asbestos and getting the disease. Treatment includes surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or all three.

Minimum data set – Governmental requirements for assessing individuals to determine level of care during nursing home admission.

Minimum staffing –  The minimum number of employees that need to be working at a hospital/nursing home to have a safe ratio with the number of patients/residents. For more information on staffing ratios, look here.

Minor – A person under the age of legal competence.

Miranda warning – Requirement that police tell a suspect in their custody of his or her constitutional rights before they question him or her. So named as a result of the Miranda v. Arizona ruling by the United States Supreme Court.

Mistrial – An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.

Mobility aids – Mobility aids help you walk or move from place to place if you are disabled or have an injury. They include crutches, canes, walkers, wheelchairs and motorized scooters. You may need a walker or cane if you are at risk of falling. If you need to keep your body weight off your foot, ankle or knee, you may need crutches. You may need a wheelchair or a scooter if an injury or disease has left you unable to walk.

Motion – An application made to a court or judge which requests a ruling or order in favor of the applicant.

Motion in Limine – A motion made by counsel requesting that information which might be prejudicial not be allowed to be heard in a case.

MRSA – MRSA stands for methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. It causes a staph infection (pronounced “staff infection”) that is resistant to several common antibiotics. There are two types of infection. Hospital-associated MRSA happens to people in healthcare settings. Community-associated MRSA happens to people who have close skin-to-skin contact with others, such as patients in a nursing home or assisted living setting who share close quarters. Look here for more information on nursing home infections.

Multiple sclerosis – Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells. This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body, leading to the symptoms of MS.

Muscle contracture – a shortening (usually non-reversal) of the muscles that results in a distorting or deformed part of the body (usually a joint). Contracture information can be seen here.

Myocardosis – heart muscle inflammation.

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