Immunity – Refers to the inability to pursue a cause of action against certain entities. In most circumstances, immunity applies to government agencies or municipalities. Depending on the jurisdiction, their may be ‘limited immunity’, where there are limits on the amount an injured party may recover.
Impeachment – A criminal proceeding against a public official.
Impeachment of a witness – An attack on the credibility (believability) of a witness, through evidence introduced for that purpose.
Implied contract – A contract not created or evidenced by the explicit agreement of the parties but one inferred by law; as the use of electric power in your home implies a contract with the light company.
Inadmissible – That which, under the rules of evidence, cannot be admitted or received as evidence.
Incapacity – Lack of legal ability to act; disability, incompetence; lack of adequate power.
Incompetent – One who lacks ability, legal qualification, or fitness to manage his own affairs.
Incontinence – The inability to control bowel or bladder function– bowel incontinence or bladder incontinence. Learn more about incontinence in nursing home patients here.
Indigent – Needy or impoverished. A defendant who can demonstrate his or her indigence to the court may be assigned a court-appointed attorney at public expense.
Infection – The fact or state of being infected, esp. by the presence in the body of bacteria, protozoans, viruses, or other parasites.
Injunction – A prohibitive order or remedy issued by the court at the suit of the complaining party, which forbids the defendant to do some act which he is threatening or attempting to do. Conversely, it may require him to perform an act which he is obligated to perform but refuses to do.
Insolvent – When the total debt of an entity is greater than all of its property.
Insulin – Hormone secreted by the islets of Langerhans and helps with the regulation of the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, which converts glucose to glycogen, helping to lower the blood glucose levels.
Intentional tort – Wrong perpetrated by one who intends to break the law. Example: battery assault
Interlocutory – Temporary; provisional; interim; not final.
Interrogatories – A set or series of written questions propounded to a party, witness, or other person having information or interest in a case; a discovery device.
Intervention – An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to become a party to the suit.
Involuntary seclusion – Removal of a nursing home patient from the general population or from his or her room against their will or against the wishes of the nursing home patient’s legal representative. Although temporary seclusion may be necessary in cases where a patient poses a risk of harming other patient or himself, most cases of involuntary seclusion are extremely detrimental to the patients physical and psychological well-being.