G tube – Gastric feeding tube is a tube inserted through a small incision in the abdomen into the stomach and is used for long-term enteral nutrition; for placement, the patient is under sedation and the tube goes through the mouth and esophagus into the stomach; they are good for long term use (6 months with replacement being done through an existing passage without any other procedures); g-tubes help when there is swallowing difficulties secondary to neurological or anatomical disorders.
Gangrene – Death of an area of the body; cut off blood supply as a result of various processes, such as infection, vascular (pertaining to blood vessels) disease, or trauma; dry gangrene is a result of a reduction of blood flow through the arteries which appears slowly; wet gangrene is because of an untreated infected wound.
Gastroenteritis – Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person.
General Jurisdiction – Refers to courts that have no limit on the types of criminal and civil cases they may hear.
Glucose –Simple sugar that serves as the main source of energy for the body. See here for material related to the control of glucose.
Grand Jury – A jury of inquiry whose duty it is to receive complaints and accusations in criminal matters and if appropriate issue a formal indictment.
Grantor – The person who sets up a trust. Also referred to as “settlor.”
Guardian – A person appointed by will or by law to assume responsibility for incompetent adults or minor children. If a parent dies, this will usually be the other parent. If both die, it probably will be a close relative.
Guardianship – Legal right given to a person to be responsible for the food, housing, health care, and other necessities of a person deemed incapable of providing these necessities for himself or herself.